To keep in mind

“Enemies, in other words, could no longer be identified by their openly professed views. A later NKVD boss Laverenty Beria would also frequently quote Stalin, noting that ‘an enemy of the people is not only one who commits sabotage, but one who doubts the rightness of the Party line.’ Ergo, an ‘enemy’ could mean anybody who opposed Stalin’s rule, for any reason, even if he did not openly profess to do so.”


Applebaum, Anne. Gulag : A History. 1st ed. ed. New York: Doubleday, 2003. pg. 102